Thursday, February 3, 2011
Climate Change May Make Future Difficult For Billion
NEWS BANJUL THE GAMBIA (MB)- World population is forecast to reach nine billion by 2050 with almost all the growth in developing countries. Therefore, climate change may be the single factor that makes the future difficult, impending the continuing progress in human development that history would lead us to expect, according to the Human Development Report 2010. The reported added without migration the population of developed countries world peak in 2020 and shrink somewhat over the following three decades.
These report went on, changing demographics along with rising income, will have consequences for natural resources and the environment. While international agreements have been generally show, to broad consensus is clear: climate change is happening, and it can derail human development.
However, it is expected to significantly affect sea levels and weather patterns and possibly human settlement and agricultural productivity. According to the 2010 report, one estimate suggests that by mid-century the adverse effects of climate change on grain yields will push prices up more than doubling the price of wheat with massive repercussions. In a worst case scenario, the report stated, by 2050 per capita consumption of cereals falls by a fifth, leaving 25 million additional children malnourished, with South Asia the worst affected. Long term effects on agricultural production vary by region generally adverse in arid and tropical regions, mainly developing countries, and positive in some colder parts of the world, including Canada and the Russian federation, 2010 report said.
With greater recognition of the enormous risks, in some cases threatening the existence of island countries, thinking about climate change has been evolving rapidly. The report stated that climate change poses an enormous feast for the international community and the stakes are extremely high. Globally and mostly irreversible climate change is a matter of cross-country and international distributive justice, affecting the billion of people who will live in the rest of this century and beyond.
The challenge is to consider the policies and strategies that would be good for human developments exceed those of the past and ensure that previsonly disadvantage groups are included in future expansion. This, the report noted must be done in ways that overcome the limits of cabon-intensive growth so that human development is truly sustainable.