Wednesday, March 9, 2016

No fish, no health- Fish meal contain proteins

In Africa, including the Islamic Republic of the Gambia, many families suffer from malnutrition due to lack of good quality fish consumption in their houses.

The problem of malnutrition affects the entire population, but for children under five and pregnant women are especially vulnerable. 

Poor communities are more dependent on the natural resources they find in their surroundings than wealthy people are. The poor, moreover, are especially vulnerable in situations of crisis. 

The fishing sector is important for developing countries in other ways as well; it is a source of income for fish-folk. 

We mainly treat malaria, pneumonia, diarrhoea, anaemia, hypertension and pregnancy related complications- and most of them are made worse by malnutrition.

If fishing grounds are to stay rich in the long run, they must not be over exploited to provide food for millions.

Global warming and the depletion of biodiversity compound that problem. The production of oil, gas and mineral resources from under the seas is commercially attractive, but accidents can be devastating. We need international agreements that spell out the rights as well as the duties of all stakeholders, and these rules must be enforced stringently.

The international community needs binding rules on the sea and the exploitation of maritime resources.

Small boats are not suitable for long distance travel, their business is deteriorating, and so is food security for their coastal communities.

Ruthless, exploitation of the seas is obviously harming ecosystem and biological diversity. Oversized ships are destroying reefs that other unique habitats. The damage is hard to assess, however, because maritime biology is under-researched.

Over-exploitation in the seas, has resulted to many families consuming less and less fish as as result, many households are faced with malnutrition- no fish, no health.

We need to for proteins- the sea is dotted with reefs, shoals and tiny island groups, some of which vanish at high tide.

The route around the Horn of Africa is one of the busiest shipping lanes in the world. It is the main artery between Asia and Europe.

Pirates are constantly reaping their spoils from this traffic. Pirates managed to hijack vessels.

In the 1990’s, the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea- or UNCLOS for short- came into force.
UNCLOS defines rules for the seas outside national jurisdiction, which begins 200 nautic miles off the coast. About 60% of the seas and oceans are beyond any national law courts reached, and these waters are what we call the high seas.

UNCLOS, however, is evidently insufficient. One reason is that the multilateral system depends on consensus and is quite cumbersome. Important nations, such as USA, for instance, have not even signed UNCLOS. For these reasons, Green Peace and other environmental organisations have been demanding additional protection measures for the high seas.

Oil spills, affect farmland, drinking water and fisheries. They cause fires and all sorts of environmental hazards.

Who is causing the greatest damages at sea? The main culprits are enterprise from advance nations 
that command the relevant technology. High-level fish trawlers come from EU countries like Spain or France.

The USA, Australia, New Zealand and Japan matter a lot too. Companies from these nations similarly also play a leading role in mineral resources extraction.

An interesting aspect, however, is that all of these nations enforce environmental regulations on industries at home, so it would be only plausible for them to countenance environmental rules at sea too.

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