Tuesday, August 23, 2011
Rights Enables Individuals To Think And Access Information
Human rights has its roots in the struggles for freedom, fairness, justice and equality everywhere in the world, as a result human rights gives people to think and access to information. In addition, it gives one the freedom to act and to choose what to do, as well as freedom to join in any political life of the community and society as a whole.
A good example can be the right to be presumed to be innocent until proven guilty. The right of people to vote for members of their government, freedom of thought, conscience, and religion and the right to peaceful assembly can all be considered as good examples of generations of rights..
Social and Economic rights are sometines refered to as security-oriented od second generation rights because they provide social and economy security.
These, rights protect people from having basic things taken from them such as food, shelter, and health care, in addition, social rights are human rights which give people security as they live together in families or communities and learn together in schools and other educational institutions. Economic rights concern production, development and management of material wealth ot the necessities of life. They are concerned with protection of people’s physical survival and how they can earn a living.
However, one can say that human rights promote seven freedoms that is freedom from want that is to enjoy a decent standard of living, freedom from hear that is of threats to personal security, from torture, arbitrary arrest and other violent acts
Environmental, cultural and developmentla rights can also be referred to as third generational rights, as they recognise that people have the right to live an environment that is clean, free from pollution, and protected from destruction.
They also recognise that groups of people should have the right to cultural, political and economic development as well as cultural practices violations of human rights.
Human rights all over the world goes with duties and responsibilities and every human right has a corresponding duty, just as individuals have rights. And in addition, they do have duties to respect rights.
When one talks about human rights concept and principles, on we is simply talking about responsibility.
Human rights one can say are those rights that belong to every individual- man or woman, girl or a boy; simply because he or she is a human being.
Human rights embody the basic standards without which people cannot realise their inherent human dignity.
When one talk about human rights, one also need to know the origin of human rights. Human rights has its roots in the struggles for freedom, fairness, justice and equality everywhere in the world.
The basic of human rights such respect for human life and human dignity can be found in most religious and traditional practices.
Again, the struggles against slavery, colonialism, exploitation, and oppression are the birthplace of human rights.
Human rights concepts and principles are equality, non- discrimination, universality, human dignity, indivisibility, interdependency, inalllienability amongst others.
Equality expresses the notion of the respect for the inherent diginity of all human beings and is specified in Article 2 of the Universal Declaration on Human Rights. The Article stated that it is the basis of human rights-“All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights”
Non-discrimination also ensures that non one is denied the protection of their rights based on some external factors such as race, colour, sex, languagge, religion, political or other group, national or social origin, property, birth, or other status.
Human dignity affirms that all people deserve to be respected simply because they are human beings and all individuals deserve equal rerspect regardless of age, sex, origin, religion, or other orientation are human beings.
Indivisibility that is human rights should be addressed as an indivisible body, including civil, political, social, economic, cultural, and collective rights.
The respect for human rights by individuals and governments lays the basis for peace and stability.
Therefore, a cultural rights in governance serves as the security of all persons in society.
However, threats to human rights endengers all members of the society and development cannot be sustainable without regards to rights and freedoms.
Human rights ghoes with the rights of the people been respected by governments and uphold the constitution, regional and international instruments.